Cysts, Lumps and Bumps

What is a Cyst

A cyst is a fluid-filled sack which forms within the tissue. Cysts can develop underneath the skin, around the mouth, under the mouth lining, within the saliva glands and within the jawbone. They can be cancerous or benign. Symptoms may include:

  • Reddish patches (erythroplasia);
  • White patches (leukoplakia);
  • Lesions that continuously bleed or fail to heal;
  • Lumps or thickened soft tissue;
  • Chronic sore throat;
  • Difficulty with swallowing or chewing.

Jaw cysts may not always present symptoms for patients and can grow at a very slow rate. When infected, they can cause pain and discomfort. Jaw cysts have potential to grow very large and cause damage to adjacent teeth, loosening them over time. In some cases, extremely large cysts will expand the jaw, weakening them and sometimes leading to a fracture.

There are various types of cysts, with the most common groups being:

  • Periapical cysts (can develop as a result of a chronic infection, around the roots of the teeth)
  • Dentigerous cysts (can developed at the site of an uninterrupted tooth)
  • Odontogenic cysts (can develop from cells that form the teeth).

The oral surgeon may perform a biopsy, CT scan or MRI scan of the head to establish a diagnosis. After a diagnosis has been reached, the surgeon can determine an appropriate surgical technique to remove the cyst.

In cases where cancerous cysts and tumours have been removed, subsequent treatment such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy may be recommended to the patient.

Lumps and Bumps

PM Oral Surgery specialises in diagnosing and managing benign and malignant lumps and bumps within the mouth.

A surgical procedure, known as an oral biopsy is carried out to diagnose a condition or abnormal area inside the mouth. Swelling lumps, growths, non-healing sores in the mouth or on the face, continuously cracked lips and a change in skin colour are some of the oral conditions in which an oral surgeon may perform a biopsy on a patient.

Often an oral biopsy becomes one of the most important steps in diagnosing a benign or malignant growth. For more information on oral biopsies, click here.

If you think you are experiencing cysts, lumps, bumps or growths within the mouth or on the face, it's important to have it checked. To make an appointment with PM Oral Surgery, call 9745 4066 or book an appointment online.

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Tel: 02 9745 4066

Fax: 02 9745 4099

Suite 5, 12 Railway Parade
Burwood, NSW 2134

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